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Personal Independence Payment

Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a new benefit replacing Disability Living Allowance (DLA) for people aged between 16 to 64 years. PIP and DLA cannot be claimed at the same time.

About PIP

PIP has been designed to help towards some of the extra costs arising from having a long-term health condition or disability that is expected to last for 12 months or longer. Entitlement to PIP is based on the effect a long term health condition has on your daily life, not the condition itself.

DLA will remain for children up to the age of 16 years, both for existing or new claimants. Existing claimants who were aged 65 years or over on 20 June 2016 will continue to receive DLA provided they continue to meet the eligibility criteria.

Listen to the mp3 audio file about the Personal Independence Payment.

This information is also available from the Department for Communities Guide to the Personal Independence Payment benefit: 

The information is also available in British and Irish Sign Language:

PIP was introduced in Northern Ireland on 20 June 2016.  

If you are aged between16 to 64 years you can no longer make a claim to DLA, instead you should make a claim for PIP. 

If you are an existing DLA claimant aged 16 to 64 years and your benefit is due to come to an end or if you report a change in your care or mobility needs, you will be invited to claim PIP.  

If you are aged between 16 to 64 years and have an indefinite or lifetime award for DLA, you will be randomly selected for assessment and invited to claim PIP.  This will happen over a number of years between 12 December 2016 and December 2018.

If you are a parent or guardian of a child under 16 years who is receiving DLA we will write to you and your child in plenty of time before they turn 16 to explain how to apply for PIP, when to claim and what will happen to DLA.

What PIP is

PIP is made up of two components (parts), a Daily Living component and a Mobility component.

Each component has two rates, standard and enhanced. If you qualify for PIP, you will get money for one or both components.

More information on the components and the activities is available in the guide below.

PIP is not affected by income or savings, it is not taxable and you can get it whether you are in work or not.

What happens to your DLA award/payments

If you currently receive DLA and were aged 16 to 64 on 20 June 2016 you will be impacted by the introduction of PIP, even if you have an indefinite or lifetime award of DLA.

During the assessment process you will continue to receive your DLA award until your eligibility for PIP is determined, provided you make a claim when requested to do so and fully engage with the process.

Rates and how to claim PIP

There are four steps to claiming PIP.

1. You can make a PIP claim by phoning the PIP Centre

You’ll be asked for information such as:

  • your contact details
  • your date of birth
  • your National Insurance number
  • your bank or building society details
  • name and contact details for your GP or other healthcare professionals
  • details of any time you’ve spent abroad, or in a care home or hospital

If you are an existing DLA claimant you can request that your previous medical evidence is also made available.

Someone else can call on your behalf, but you’ll need to be with them when they call.

2. Explain how your disability affects you

You’ll be sent a ‘How your disability affects you’ form. It comes with notes to help you fill it in. It asks you to explain how your condition affects your daily life, both on good and bad days and over a range of activities.

It is important that you complete this form and return it in the envelope provided along with any other supporting evidence that you already have about your condition as soon as possible.  If you don’t return this form your claim to PIP may be disallowed.

3. Assessment

Your claim will be assessed by an independent Health Professional to help work out the level of help you need. They will look at the information you provided and may ask your GP or other contacts you’ve given on your form for any extra information they need.

Sometimes they can assess your claim by just using the written information, but most people will be asked to attend a face-to-face consultation with the Health Professional. If a face-to-face consultation is needed the Health Professional will contact you to arrange it. It can take place in your home if you prefer.

The consultation will give you the chance to explain your needs in your own words. You can take someone with you for support and they can take part in the discussion too.

4. Decision

Once the assessment has been completed, it will be returned and a PIP Case Manager will consider all the information, including the advice from the health professional and any information you have provided.

The Case Manager will make a decision on your claim and write to you with a clear explanation of how it was made.

If you qualify for PIP, your claim will be periodically reviewed to make sure that you are getting the right support.  


  Weekly rates 2017/18
PIP Daily Living Enhanced Rate  £83.10 
PIP Daily Living Standard Rate  £55.65 
PIP Mobility Enhanced Rate  £58.00 
PIP Mobility Standard Rate  £22.00 

If you're terminally ill

There are special rules for people who have a terminal illness and are not expected to live for more than six months.

If you meet the criteria for the special rules:

  • you will not have to complete the form ‘How your disability affects you’
  • you will not need a face to face consultation
  • you will be entitled to an award of the enhanced rate of the Daily Living component of PIP without having to satisfy the normal qualifying period
  • you may also be entitled to the Mobility component of PIP depending on your mobility needs

You can make a claim to PIP under the special rules by phoning the Personal Independence Payment (PIP) Centre.

Some extra questions will be asked whilst on the phone about your condition and how it affects your ability to get around. Someone else can make the call on your behalf.

If you have a terminal illness you are encouraged to obtain a DS1500 form from your doctor, specialist or consultant to support your claim unless you have sent one for PIP or any other benefit in the last six months

The DS1500 is a report about your medical condition. You won’t have to pay for it.

You can ask the doctor’s receptionist, a nurse or a social worker to arrange it for you. You don’t have to see the doctor.  A completed DS1500 cannot be treated as a claim to PIP.

Support if you already receive DLA and are affected by PIP

Measures are in place to support people who are currently receiving DLA and are financially worse off after they have been assessed for PIP.

There are three categories of Supplementary Payments for PIP. You can only receive a PIP Supplementary Payment for one category at any one time.

1. If someone does not qualify for PIP

If you do not qualify for PIP after your assessment and lodge an appeal a Supplementary Payment may be provided, equal to your DLA payment, until your appeal is heard and a decision is made. Supplementary Payments will be available until March 2020.

2. When someone receives less on PIP than DLA

If you qualify for PIP, but at a reduced rate, and your weekly loss is more than £10, you will be eligible for a Supplementary Payment for up to one year equal to 75 per cent of the difference in benefit. For example, if the difference is £20 you will receive £15.

3. When someone has a disability or illness as result of a Northern Ireland conflict related injury

If you do not qualify for PIP but can show that your disability or illness is as a result of a Northern Ireland conflict related injury you may be entitled to a Supplementary Payment. You must have received between four and seven or more points in your PIP assessment to be considered.  A Supplementary Payment would then be paid for up to one year, until March 2020.

Disability Premiums included in other benefits

If after your assessment you do not qualify for PIP or do not qualify at the same rate as you were receiving under DLA, this could affect certain additions known as Disability Premiums which are included in some other benefits which you may be receiving such as, Jobseeker’s Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance, Income Support or Pension Credit.

If you are impacted in this way you will receive a Supplementary Payment to cover this loss for up to one year, until March 2020

Carer's Supplementary Payments

You will no longer be entitled to Carer’s Allowance or Carer’s Premium if the person in receipt of DLA, who you currently provide care for, doesn’t qualify for PIP after their assessment. However, in these circumstances a Supplementary Payment will be paid to you for up to one year, until March 2020.

Claiming a Supplementary Payment

You do not need to apply for a Supplementary Payment. Further information can be found at the following page:

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