Take care driving in wintry conditions
Date published: 13 December 2017
With wintry weather forecast, icy roads could make driving conditions more difficult in some areas. Adjust your driving according to the conditions and plan your journey. Reduce your speed and drive with extra care, even when roads have been gritted.
A weather warning for ice has been sent out by the Met Office.
Weather warnings are sent out by the Met Office to let the public and emergency services know about potentially hazardous conditions.
You can find out more about weather warnings on the Met Office website.
Drive to suit the conditions
During adverse weather, you should:
- clear ice and snow off all windows, lights, number plate, and vehicle roof before you set off
- make sure the mirrors are clear and windows are de-misted thoroughly
- use at least dipped headlights in poor visibility
- keep well back from the road user in front
- be extra cautious at road junctions where road markings may not be visible
- be prepared for the road conditions to change over relatively short distances
Even after roads have been treated in winter, driving conditions may remain challenging, especially if the road location and layout mean there is a high risk of ice. Be aware that ice forms more easily on:
- hilly or exposed roads
- roads that pass under or over a bridge
- roads shaded by trees or buildings
Try not to brake suddenly in icy conditions - it may lock up the wheels and you could skid.
If you start to skid:
- release the brake pedal fully or ease off the accelerator
- steer into the skid
- as you straighten, steer back along the road
You can find out more about driving in wintry conditions at the page below:
Check and service your vehicle
You can reduce your chances of breaking down by regularly servicing your car. You should also:
- top up anti-freeze and screenwash
- check for wear and tear on wiper blades (replace them as soon as they start to smear rather than clean windows)
- make sure your battery is fully charged (batteries last between two and four years - replace yours if it's no longer reliable)
- keep tyre pressure at the manufacturer's recommended level and check you have at least 1.6mm across the central three-quarters of the breadth of the tread and around the entire circumference
- wipe dirt and spray off headlamps and make sure all bulbs are working
You can find out more on the vehicle maintenance page.
During winter you are advised to carry a winter kit in your vehicle. It should include:
- ice scraper and de-icer
- torch and spare batteries (or a wind-up torch)
- in-car phone charger
- warm clothes and blankets
- high-visibility vest or jacket
- first aid kit
- jump leads for the car battery
- empty fuel can
- a shovel (if there's a chance of snow)
- road atlas
- sunglasses (the low winter sun and glare off snow can be dazzling)
- two reflective warning triangles
If you're planning a long trip or if severe weather is forecast, you may want to also have in your car:
- any medication you need to take regularly
- food and a thermos with a hot drink
Is your journey necessary?
You should always plan your journey and check the latest weather and travel advice.
If the conditions are bad, ask yourself whether you really need to travel - or if you can delay your journey until conditions improve.
If you must travel, plan your journey carefully.
However carefully you plan your journey, things can go wrong. An accident or bad weather could mean that a road is closed for a time.
You can get up-to-date traffic information at the following link:
If you find yourself on a stretch of road that is closed, stay in the car and listen to traffic news.
Driving and walking in flooded areas
Do not travel in heavy rainstorms unless absolutely necessary.
In flooded areas, drivers should not:
- enter flood water that is moving or is more than four inches deep
- under any circumstances, drive through fast-flowing water as the car could be swept away
In more shallow but passable water:
- slow down
- avoid creating bow waves which can damage your car engine; and
- remember to test the brakes after leaving the water
Do not attempt to walk through flooded areas. Even shallow water moving fast can sweep you off your feet and there may be hidden dangers such as:
- open drains
- damaged road surfaces
- submerged debris; or
- deep channels which can result in serious injury or, in the worst cases, death
If you do become stranded in flood water and you feel there is a risk to life, dial 999 for emergency assistance.
More useful links
- Ice and snow on roads and streets
- Report an issue with ice or snow
- Avoid slips and falls in icy conditions
- The Highway Code
- Weather warnings for Northern Ireland
- The Irish National Meteorological Service
- Get ready for winter
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