Causes of watering eyes
Watering eyes can affect anyone. It's most common in young babies and people over 60.
A problem with the glands
Glands in the eyelids (Meibomian glands) normally secrete an oily substance. This substance slows the evaporation of tears between blinks.
When these glands don't function properly, it can result in dry patches on your eyes.
These become sore and extra tears are produced as a reflex. This is the most likely cause of watering eyes.
Other problems that can cause extra tears to be produced include:
- the lower eyelid sagging away from the eye (ectropion) – this makes it difficult for tears to reach the drainage ducts
- eyelids that roll inwards (entropion)
- inflammation of the edges of the eyelids (blepharitis)
- blocked or narrowed tear ducts
- eye irritation (for example, from chemical fumes or grit)
- an eye infection, such as conjunctivitis
- an allergy
Investigating and treating watering eyes
See your optometrist (optician) for a check up if you think your eyes are watering more than normal.
You may be advised to see your GP. Your GP will treat your symptoms, or treat the condition causing your symptoms.
They may refer you to an eye specialist called an ophthalmologist for an examination.
This may be because no obvious reason for your watering eye can be found, or because your symptoms are difficult to treat.
Investigating the cause
If you are referred, an ophthalmologist, they may carry out tests to look for blockages in your tear ducts.
A pharmacist may be able to help
A pharmacist may be able to tell you:
- what you can do to treat it yourself – such as cleaning and protecting your eyes
- if you can buy anything to help – such as cleaning solutions, eye drops or allergy medicines
- if you need to see an optician or GP
If you're producing extra tears as a result of dry eye syndrome, you may be offered lubricating eye drops. You may also be advised to avoid activities that make your symptoms worst.
Your GP or consultant ophthalmologist will advise if medication may be needed. This is if the cause is an allergy or infection. Surgery may be needed if a tear duct is blocked.
If the symptoms aren't interfering with your life, you may choose not to have treatment for your watering eyes.