About Northern Ireland

Whether you live, work or are just coming to visit, you'll find lots of useful information on this page about Northern Ireland.

Key facts

Population 1.88 million people (estimated at 30 June 2018)
Capital city Belfast
Nationality and citizenship British, Irish or both
Language(s) English, Irish, Ulster Scots, British Sign Language (BSL) and Irish Sign Language (ISL)
Weather Northern Ireland forecast
Currency Pound sterling (GBP) £
Calling code from abroad dial 00 44 + area code (without 0) + local number
Electricity 240 volts (standard 3-pin plugs)
Airport (s) Belfast International AirportGeorge Best Belfast City AirportCity of Derry Airport
Major sea ports Belfast, Larne

If you want to find out more information about Northern Ireland, you'll find lots of useful and interesting statistics on the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) website.

Public and bank holidays

Bank holidays are holidays when banks and many other businesses are closed for the day. Public Holidays are holidays which have been observed through custom and practice, such as Christmas Day.

Find out about the bank and public holidays in Northern Ireland.

Nationality and citizenship

Northern Ireland is part of the UK. However, under the Belfast Agreement, also known as the Good Friday Agreement, people born in Northern Ireland can choose to be British citizens, Irish citizens or both. If they choose to be both British and Irish citizens, this means they have a dual citizenship.

You can find out more about the different types of citizenship at the links below.


There are different levels of government in Northern Ireland. This ranges from the local council, looking after bin collections and leisure centres, the Executive and Assembly who run the government and pass laws, to the European Parliament and UK Parliament at Westminster.

Find out more about government in Northern Ireland.

Coming to Northern Ireland to visit, study or work

If you want to come to Northern Ireland to visit, study or work, you may need to apply for a visa through UK Visa and Immigration (UKVI).

You'll find a handy tool on the GOV.UK website, at the link below, to check if you need a visa. You can simply enter the country that issued your passport or travel documents and what you want the visa for, for example work, study or visiting. The checker will tell you if you need a visa and give you information on how to apply. 

You may also find the links below useful.

Visiting Northern Ireland

There are lots of things to see and do in Northern Ireland. You'll find everything here, from natural wonders like the Giant's Causeway, to stunning lakelands in Fermanagh and magnificent sandy beaches along the coastlines. Not to mention the great food, culture and warm welcome that awaits you in the cities and towns.

Visit the Discover Northern Ireland website to find out more.

Get statistical information about your neighbourhood

You can search the Northern Ireland Neighbourhood Information Service (NINIS) using a postcode, street or area to view summary statistics for that area. You can also view statistics by searching for topics or themes, for example, births or census. 


You can find a list of Northern Ireland postcodes at the link below.

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