Minimum requirements: LGV/ PCV and trailer tests

Any vehicle or vehicle and trailer combinations presented for use at a driving test must meet minimum test vehicle standards. These standards are part of European Union legislation on driver licensing. The UK as a member of the European Union is obliged to meet these requirements

Vehicle requirements

All vehicles used for Categories C1, C1+E, C, C+E, D1,D1+E, D and D+E driving tests must have externally mounted nearside and offside mirrors for use by the examiner and seatbelts fitted to seats used by the examiner or any person supervising the test.

All vehicles presented for driving tests must be fitted with a tachograph and an Anti-lock Braking System (ABS). Trailers however don’t need to be fitted with ABS. All vehicle combinations must operate the proper service brakes and use a heavy duty coupling arrangement suitable for the weight.

Note: a tractor unit is not a suitable vehicle for category C or C1 test.

'Laden testing' rules for driving test vehicles

It is now a requirement that vehicles used in practical driving tests carry a minimum weight.

The rules affect categories B+E, C1+E, D1+E, D+E.

Bagged aggregates like sand, stone chippings, gravel or other recycled material packages can be used in sealed bags. Water can also be used, contained in Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) made from semi-transparent moulded plastic, reinforced with a wire framework.

For categories C and C+E  the laden weight should be water contained in Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) made from semi-transparent moulded plastic, reinforced with a wire framework. Aggregates are not suitable for these categories.

No other type of load can be used and it must be secured appropriately on to the vehicle or trailer.

Further details are available on the link below:

The practical driving test for buses and lorries

The driving test is designed to test you on the skills you will need as a vocational driver. It begins with five vehicle safety questions. You will be examined on your general driving and on set exercises. The set exercises will include:

  • an 'S' shaped reverse into a bay
  • a braking exercise (on road)
  • demonstrating the uncoupling and re-coupling procedure if you're taking a test with a trailer

The drive on the road lasts about 60 minutes and the overall test takes about 90 minutes.

Further information on what will be included in the test is available at the link below:

'L' plate requirements for buses, lorries and related trailer tests

All vehicles used for a test in Categories C1, C1+E, C, C+E, D1,D1+E, D and D+E must display an LGV/ PCV type 'L' plate on the front and rear of the vehicle which is clearly visible to other road users. 

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