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The planning system and development management

The planning system makes sure the right things are built in the right places, be it houses, shops, parks, community centres, energy plants. But it is also about the ability to shape and change the character, look and feel of the places where we live, work or visit. Responsibility for the planning system is shared between the Department of the Environment (DOE) and local councils.

The role of DOE Planning

DOE is responsible for:

  • determination of regionally significant planning applications – those applications of significance to the whole, or a substantial part, of Northern Ireland
  • setting regional planning policy
  • making planning legislation
  • oversight and guidance for councils, including the power to ‘call-in’ and make the decision on an application that has been submitted to a council

DOE Planning operates from its headquarters building in Causeway Exchange, Belfast.

The role of Councils

Councils are responsible for:

  • local development planning – creating a plan which will set out how the council area should look in the future by deciding what type and scale of development should be encouraged and where it should be located
  • development management – determining the vast majority of planning applications
  • planning enforcement – investigating alleged breaches of planning control and determining what action should be taken

Each council has its own local planning office to deliver planning services to the council area:

Development Management

Most people only come into contact with the planning system when decisions have to be taken about whether something can be built in their area.

The majority of decisions on whether to allow proposals to build on land or change the use of buildings or land are made by local councils. In determining whether to grant planning permission, the council will refer to a number of planning policy documents and planning guidance.

Each application for planning permission is made to the relevant Local Area Planning Office. The application must include enough detail for the council to see what effect the development could have on the area.

Your council should decide on your application within eight weeks. Large or complex applications may take longer, but your local planning office should be able to give you an idea about the likely timetable. If your application is not determined within eight weeks, you can appeal to the Planning Appeals Commission.

Permitted Development

In some situations minor building work does not need planning permission, but you should always seek advice from your Local Area Planning Office before you start work. The basic aim of permitted development rights is to omit relatively minor development proposals from planning controls.

Some areas of land such as Conservation Areas have special protection against certain developments. Some buildings are also specially protected or listed because of their special architectural or historic interest. As there is a need to control any significant impact or even minor development in such areas permitted development rights maybe limited or withdrawn.

Permitted development rights can be amended or new ones established by changes in planning legislation. Over recent years there have been changes made to permitted development rights for both domestic and non domestic development.

You can visit the DOE Planning website for more guidance on the development management process and to help you decide whether you need planning permission and, if so, how to apply for it.

More useful links