Occupational profile - electrotechnical

Information on apprenticeships in the electrotechnical industry, including what’s involved; skills and knowledge needed and progression routes for apprentices.

Electrotechnical framework

This framework specifies the standards and criteria for the level 3 apprenticeship in electrotechnical.

Successful achievement of all the components of this framework will lead to the award of a level 3 qualification and recognition as a qualified electrician within the sector.

There are two pathways and you must choose one:

  • electrotechnical (installation)
  • electrotechnical (maintenance)

Electricians install, maintain and repair electrical systems in industrial, commercial and domestic environments.

Electricians might work in both indoor and outdoor settings.

Electrical equipment and systems may include:

  • switchboards
  • motors
  • cables
  • fuses
  • thermal relays
  • fault current protection switches
  • heating
  • lighting
  • air conditioning
  • metering equipment
  • crime and fire alarm systems
  • renewable energy technologies

They are able to work on their own proficiently and work without immediate supervision in the most efficient and economical manner. They may contribute to the design of electrical systems. They are able to set out jobs from drawings and specifications and requisition the necessary installation materials.

Electrical safety is an important area of electricians’ work. On completion of their work the electrical systems must be safe to use. They must adhere to safe working practices without endangering themselves or others.

Installation electricians work on the installation, testing, commissioning and maintenance of low voltage (less than 1000v) electrical and electronic devices and appliances.

Maintenance electricians work on the maintenance of electrical and electronic installations including automated production systems. Duties include the supervision of the equipment, its maintenance and necessary repairs.

The modern electrician is at the forefront of technology (design, development, testing, installation, maintenance) associated with low carbon targets, energy conservation and renewable supply. A good example of this would be the installation and maintenance of electric vehicle charging points.

Industry qualification

As well as achieving a competence based qualification (based on national occupational standards), a knowledge based qualification and the literacy, numeracy and ICT requirements, all apprentices will be required to satisfy the requirement of the recognised industry end-test referred to as AM2S.

The purpose of the assessment is to make sure all electricians achieve a single, consistent standard that has been agreed by employers across the UK as meeting their expectations for a qualified person.

The assessment is designed to prove that the apprentice has gained and retained all the relevant knowledge and skills during the period of the apprenticeship.

You'll have to perform a series of common tasks and procedures that a fully qualified electrician might face including electrical installation, inspection and testing and fault-finding.

The practical work must comply with the current British standard (BS7671:2018) and meet with the requirements of health and safety legislation and industry best practice.

The AM2S test is set and administered by national electrotechnical services (NET). 

Core occupational standard

On completion of the requirements in this framework you should, as a minimum, have the core skills and core knowledge required to carry out the following in a safe and competent manner:

  • apply health and safety and environmental legislation in the building services engineering sector
  • establish and maintain relationships in the building services engineering sector
  • coordinate a work site in the building services engineering sector
  • install enclosures for electrical cables, conductors and wiring systems
  • install and connect electrical cables, conductors, wiring systems and equipment
  • inspect and test electrical systems and equipment
  • commission electrical systems and equipment
  • identify and rectify faults in electrical systems and equipment
  • maintain electrical systems and equipment

You should also be able to:

  • apply professional judgement and support 
  • challenge unsafe behaviours/activities
  • show innovation through the identification of areas for improvement and suggestion and/ or development of innovative solutions
  • identify and manage risks to self and others
  • keep work area clean and tidy
  • manage own time effectively
  • think logically and in line with the demands of the situation use clear and valid reasoning when making decisions to carry out the work instructions
  • work effectively individually and in a team
  • work in line with quality requirements
  • work productively
  • work safely and ensure the safety of others
  • work within own level of competence and know when to seek advice from others

Throughout the apprenticeship process you should, as a minimum, develop and display the behaviours that show you to be consistently:

  • assertive
  • confident
  • dressed appropriately
  • empathetic
  • fair
  • honest
  • proactive
  • productive
  • punctual
  • reliable
  • respectful (in terms of equality, diversity and inclusion)

Transversal skills

During your apprenticeship, you'll gain the following transversal skills:

Self-management

Show you can accept responsibility for self.

Typical performance evidence at intermediate/ advanced will show you:

  • identify own strengths and weaknesses
  • ask for help if required
  • take responsibility for actions
  • manage one’s own feelings
  • prioritise work and time
  • take responsibility for own safety
  • take action on what has to done without having to be told
  • work unsupervised
  • react appropriately to situations
  • be open to new processes and situations

Working with others

Work collaboratively both internally and with external customers and an awareness of interdependence.

Typical performance evidence at intermediate/ advanced will show you:

  • get along with others
  • put aside differences
  • try to work effectively in a team
  • understand and provide customer service as it applies to role both internally and externally
  • empathise with others’ point of view

Citizenship/ taking part in society

Understand and be considerate of the differing needs of different individuals and groups.

Typical performance evidence at intermediate/ advanced will show you can:

  • value ideas from others
  • respect individuals’ differences in terms of disability, ethnicity background, gender, sexuality and religion
  • engage with people with different backgrounds and different needs
  • show respect for the environment

Work professionalism

Behave appropriately and with a professional attitude.

Typical performance evidence at intermediate/ advanced will show you:

  • turn up on time
  • follow instructions from seniors
  • dress appropriately
  • understand the nature of the business and the codes of conduct
  • show professional loyalty
  • focus on maintaining quality
  • work flexibly as work place requires
  • work through difficult situations

Problem solving and decision-making skills

Weigh up the pros and cons of new situations and identify key issues.

Typical performance evidence at intermediate/ advanced will show you:

  • adopt a problem-solving attitude
  • take action without being given step by step guidance and supervision
  • use own mistakes and successes as a learning process
  • adopt a problem solving attitude

Numeracy

Use data and arithmetic to support evidence or demonstrate a point.

Typical performance evidence at intermediate/ advanced will show you:

  • reason and apply simple numerical concepts ,such as percentages, decimals and fractions
  • apply numerical concepts
  • analyse data
  • understand charts, graphs and statistical information

Digital literacy

Find, evaluate, use, share and create content using information technologies and the Internet.

  • use social media appropriately
  • use Microsoft Office or equivalences
  • format, organise and manage files and data

Communication and literacy

Use verbal, non-verbal and written communication and an awareness of the interpersonal skills of effective listening, negotiating, persuasion and presentation.

  • ask and respond to questions
  • listen to others
  • communicate considering people involved in terms of gender, background, age and position
  • give and receive feedback
  • justify ideas and opinions
  • evaluate other people’s ideas
  • engage persuasively using agreement and challenge
  • understand when to compromise

Progression

When you completed this framework, you have a number of progression options, including:

  • vocational: develop self in the role and seek promotion 
  • academic: use the qualifications gained as the basis for further study and entry to further or higher education as appropriate
  • combination of vocational and academic: undertake part time study while still working. - this may be as part of a structured higher level apprenticeship (HLA) if this is relevant/ available

You can also choose to get further qualifications which could lead to membership of a professional body and a career in electrical or electronic engineering, such as an HNC/HND, a higher level vocational qualification or study for a degree.

More specifically, it is anticipated that successful candidates will progress within the electrical installation industry in qualified positions in employment or self-employment in technical/supervisory/management roles.

Continuous professional development will be expected of the qualified electricians to maintain awareness of the regulations impacting on the industry and technological changes/ advances.

Electricians will be eligible to be re-graded up to approved electrician if the following criteria are met:

  • approved electricians must have satisfactorily completed a registered electrotechnical apprenticeship
  • must have had two years’ experience as a graded electrician immediately before applying for this grade
  • must have successfully passed the advanced competence assessment (ACA) – charge covered by the industry

Approved electricians in charge of work who undertake the supervision of other operatives shall be paid 'responsibility money', the amount of which shall be set at national level in consultation with a range of bodies including the trades unions.

It's expected that successful candidates will progress within the electrotechnical industry in qualified positions such as employed or self-employed, supervisors, managers.

Continuous learning will be expected of the qualified candidates to maintain awareness of the regulations impacting on the industry and technological changes/ advances.

National occupational standards (NOS)

Every framework must be underpinned by national occupational standards (NOS) which will set out the standards of performance individuals must achieve when carrying out functions in the workplace, together with specifications of the underpinning knowledge and understanding. Behaviours may be detailed within or alongside the NOS.

Pathways can be displayed by splitting NOS into core and optional depending on the occupational profile.

Core NOS for all pathways

Unique registration number (URN) Title of the occupational standard

BSEBSE01

Apply health and safety and environmental legislation in the building services engineering sector

BSEBSE02

Establish and maintain relationships in the building services engineering sector

BSEBSE03

Coordinate a work site in the building services engineering sector

BSEET04

Install enclosures for electrical cables, conductors and wiring systems

BSEET05

Install and connect electrical cables, conductors, wiring systems and equipment

BSEET06

Inspect and test electrical systems and equipment

BSEET07

Commission electrical systems and equipment

BSEET08

Identify and rectify faults in electrical systems and equipment

BSEET09

Maintain electrical systems and equipment

Share this page

What do you want to do?
What is your question about?
Do you want a reply?
Your email address
To reply to you, we need your email address
Your feedback

We will not reply to your feedback.  Don't include any personal or financial information, for example National Insurance, credit card numbers, or phone numbers.

This feedback form is for issues with the nidirect website only.

You can use it to report a problem or suggest an improvement to a webpage.

If you have a question about a government service or policy, you should contact the relevant government organisation directly as we don’t have access to information about you held by government departments.

You must be aged 13 years or older - if you’re younger, ask someone with parental responsibility to send the feedback for you.

The nidirect privacy notice applies to any information you send on this feedback form.

Don't include any personal or financial information, for example National Insurance, credit card numbers, or phone numbers.

Plain text only, 750 characters maximum.
Plain text only, 750 characters maximum.

What to do next

Comments or queries about angling can be emailed to anglingcorrespondence@daera-ni.gov.uk 

What to do next

If you have a comment or query about benefits, you will need to contact the government department or agency which handles that benefit.  Contacts for common benefits are listed below.

Carer's Allowance

Call 0800 587 0912
Email 
dcs.incomingpostteamdhc2@nissa.gsi.gov.uk

Discretionary support / Short-term benefit advance

Call 0800 587 2750 
Email 
customerservice.unit@communities-ni.gov.uk

Disability Living Allowance

Call 0800 587 0912 
Email dcs.incomingpostteamdhc2@nissa.gsi.gov.uk

Employment and Support Allowance

Call 0800 587 1377

Jobseeker’s Allowance

Contact your local Jobs & Benefits office

Personal Independence Payment

Call 0800 587 0932

If your query is about another benefit, select ‘Other’ from the drop-down menu above.

What to do next

Comments or queries about the Blue Badge scheme can be emailed to bluebadges@infrastructure-ni.gov.uk or you can also call 0300 200 7818.

What to do next

For queries or advice about careers, contact the Careers Service.

What to do next

For queries or advice about Child Maintenance, contact the Child Maintenance Service.

What to do next

For queries or advice about claiming compensation due to a road problem, contact DFI Roads claim unit.

What to do next

For queries or advice about criminal record checks, email ani@accessni.gov.uk

What to do next

Application and payment queries can be emailed to ema_ni@slc.co.uk

What to do next

For queries or advice about employment rights, contact the Labour Relations Agency.

What to do next

For queries or advice about birth, death, marriage and civil partnership certificates and research, contact the General Register Office Northern Ireland (GRONI) by email gro_nisra@finance-ni.gov.uk

What to do next

For queries about:

If your query is about another topic, select ‘Other’ from the drop-down menu above.

What to do next

For queries or advice about passports, contact HM Passport Office.

What to do next

For queries or advice about Penalty Charge Notices (PCNs), including parking tickets and bus lane PCNs, email dcu@infrastructure-ni.gov.uk

What to do next

For queries or advice about pensions, contact the Northern Ireland Pension Centre.

What to do next

If you wish to report a problem with a road or street you can do so online in this section.

If you wish to check on a problem or fault you have already reported, contact DfI Roads.

What to do next

For queries or advice about historical, social or cultural records relating to Northern Ireland, use the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI) enquiry service.

What to do next

For queries or advice about rates, email:
rating@lpsni.gov.uk

For queries or advice about property valuation, email:
valuation@lpsni.gov.uk

For queries or advice about land registry, email:
CustomerInformation.LandRegistration@finance-ni.gov.uk

For mapping queries, email:
Mapping.Helpdesk@finance-ni.gov.uk

What to do next

If you can’t find the information you’re looking for in the Coronavirus (COVID-19) section, then for queries about:

If your query is about another topic, select ‘Other’ from the drop-down menu above.

What to do next

For queries or advice about  60+ and Senior Citizen SmartPasses (which can be used to get concessionary travel on public transport), contact Smartpass - Translink.