Fire safety in caravans and mobile homes

By following a few safety tips, you can keep you and your loved ones safe from fire in your caravan or mobile home.

Caravans

If you stay in a caravan:

  • fit a smoke detector
  • fit a carbon monoxide detector
  • take special care when cooking - don’t leave pans unattended
  • keep matches and lighters out of the reach of children
  • if you smoke, use suitable metal ashtrays and never smoke in bed
  • don’t leave children alone inside
  • don’t block air vents as this can be fatal
  • keep a fire extinguisher inside, by the door
  • keep gas cylinders outside your caravan
  • before going to bed (or leaving the caravan) turn off all appliances
  • never use a cooker or heater while your caravan is moving

Using gas cylinders safely in caravans

You should take special care when handling gas cylinders. Follow these safety tips:

  • install a gas detection system, if possible
  • if you think there is a gas leak, turn off all appliances and the main cylinder valve – open all the doors and windows
  • change gas cylinders only when they are completely empty
  • make sure the new cylinder is secure before connecting it
  • when changing cylinders, make sure all cylinder valves are turned off before disconnecting
  • do not turn on the cylinder valves before the connection is complete
  • spare and empty cylinders should be kept in the open air and secured by a safety strap or other quick release device

Cooking safety on mobile homes

Follow these basic precautions to reduce the risk of fire:

  • never use a cooker or heater while your caravan is moving
  • never leave your cooking unattended
  • if your chip pan catches fire, do not throw water on it or move the pan because it will only make it worse, instead, turn off the heat if it is safe to do so

Electrical safety and heating in mobile homes

You can keep your mobile home safe from the risk of electrical and heating fires by following these safety tips:

  • make sure your electrical wiring and appliances are in good order by testing them regularly by a qualified electrician
  • do not use multi-adaptors as they can be overloaded

Plug-in heaters use a lot of electricity and generate a lot of heat. This means they can be dangerous if they are not bought from reputable shops and used correctly.

You should:

Additional safety information provided by NIFRS

Storing fuel

To store fuel in your mobile home, you should:

  • not store petrol, diesel or gas containers under your mobile home
  • make sure your gas bottle (LPG) is outside, on level ground, away from heat sources
  • make sure the connection to the gas pipe is sound and the bottle secured

Fire safety in mobile parks

When putting your mobile home in position, you should park at least six metres apart from other mobile homes and well away from parked cars.

In addition, make sure you know what the fire arrangements on the camp site are and where the nearest telephone is.

If there is a fire in your caravan:

  • get everyone out straight away
  • call the local fire and rescue service and give your location with a map reference, if possible, or provide a nearby landmark, like a farm
  • remember: get out, stay out and get the fire service out

If you suspect a gas leak:

  • turn off all appliances and the main cylinder valve
  • open all doors and windows
  • get out of your caravan and into fresh air
  • do not smoke or operate electrical switches

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